Is CBD Legal in Europe?

In most Europe, the use, production and sale of products with CBD are now legal as long as the product is intended for external use and not for food use.

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CBD cannabis legal situation in Europe

The legality of CBD cannabis is a delicate issue in many countries, its cultivation, distribution and use being penalized by the competent laws. So it is because this plant can not only be used for medicinal reasons but also recreational purposes, thanks to the accompanying psycho activity produced by THC.

On the other hand, if we isolate CBD from cannabis, how do the various institutes’ laws and regulations on regulating food and medicines affect it?

As a result of the significant consumption of drugs in the 60s, the UN made an agreement in which 53 countries agreed to establish the limitation of psychotropic medicines only for medical and scientific purposes.

Today 176 countries are part of this agreement. In this treaty called the 1971 Vienna Convention, the recreational use of all drugs that affect the mind is prohibited, including, of course, the intake of cannabis in any presentation. However, they specify that the compound not permitted is Tetrahydrocannabinol, excluding Cannabidiol from the list.

Due to this, many will believe that they can consume all the CBD they want without any restriction, but it is not like that since having 100% THC-free CBD is not possible yet. For this reason, every country in the European Union has its various maximum percentages of THC set (max. 0.2%) that it may have bound to CBD.

CBD use and regulations

The EU establishes that the highest percentage of THC allowed in medicinal cannabis crops is 0.2%, which is considered non-psychoactive concerning the amount of CBD that these crops usually have.

On the other hand, without the permission of this entity, regardless of the level of THC it has, it is illegal to cultivate cannabis. It means that any institution that wants to work with medicinal the cultivation and production of medicinal cannabis must apply and meet the requirements to wait for approval or rejection.

There are many companies that today want to work with the growing CBD industry. However, not all the products offered to comply with the necessary controls to be approved by the UE and the other institutions in charge.

What does the WHO say about the use of CBD in Europe?

In the case of the WHO, this is responsible for providing the necessary information on the consequences of CBD consumption; this is done by conducting studies, evaluating both positive and negative effects, determining which diseases can be treated with this drug and many more aspects.

What is the purpose of the WHO doing all this?

The WHO should clarify to people how safe or not a drug can be but also, based on the reports issued by the World Health Organization, each country must review and, if necessary, change its laws regarding the drug in question, in this case: CBD.

According to studies, the WHO determined that CBD is not harmful to health or addictive but instead has functional healing properties for many diseases.

The legality of CBD in the different countries of the European Union

There is a free trade law between the 27 countries that make up the EU, so, for example, a person in Italy can purchase a product in Germany without any problem.

Almost all the countries of the European Union have in common that CBD products can only have a THC amount of less than 0.2%. However, each country has different laws regarding the use and commercialization of CBD. Here we will leave you a summary of how the UK handles the trade, production and distribution of Cannabidiol products.

In the UK, it is legal to market CBD products as a dietary supplement for medicinal purposes, but it is necessary to have an authorization issued by the MHRA.

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